Betta Splendens, Siamese Fighting Fish
The Betta originally came from mud puddles in southeast Asia. It
is also known as the Siamese Fighting Fish, because males are totally intolerant
of each other and will fight violently. Their distinctive feature is the
long broad fins on the males. Females have very short fins. Bettas
come in a variety colors and are very slow swimmers most of the time. They
have a labyrinth which allows them to breathe air directly. You will find
them continually at the surface of the water.
Bettas are often sold in small
bowls or cups, because they don't need oxygen from the water like most other
fish. They will eat flake foods, but they will benefit from betta
pellets. Although Bettas are often kept at room temperature in small
bowls, they will do better in a heated aquarium. Frequent water changes
are necessary if they are kept in a small container.
Bettas are egg laying bubblenest breeders. The male blows bubbles which
stick together and accumulate at the surface. A female can then be
introduced. The male aggressively courts the female and spawns by wrapping
and intertwining with her.
The female releases eggs which are fertilized
by the male and float up into the bubblenest. The male cares for the eggs
during the two days it takes them to hatch. He will take them into his
mouth to clean them. After a couple of days the bubblenest dissolves as
the fry emerge. Breeding Bettas is not difficult but ensuring the fry
survive is more challenging. For detailed information on breeding Bettas,
Comments on Feeding Bettas by LittleHippyGirl:
If you are worried about feeding a dry diet, you can try soaking and
squeezing pellets so when you feed them, they have already expanded and there is
no air left. They also sell a food called HBH supersoft pellets, but they are
pretty big. I give break them into peices before feeding them to my bettas.
Freeze dried bloodworms will not sink no matter how long you soak them. They are
good as an occasional treat, but don't feed too much or too often. Bettas LOVE
mosquito larvae, so if you set up a bucket outside and moniter it, you can give
them disease free live food without spending money.
Sterilized frozed food (except tubifex) is usually better on their stomachs, but
if you aren't comfortable with it, feeding dry foods is fine. I've always fed
them that and I've never had a problem as long as I don't feed too much. Betta's
stomachs are about the size of their eye so they are easy to overfeed.
Occasional fasting or supplementing their diet with boiled shelled peas helps
keep their system clean.
Comments on Feeding Bettas by kb46:
My bettas seem to live an air alone. I feed them once per day and rotate between flakes, tetramin, micro-pellets, hikari biogold pellets and frozen bloodworms.
One eats flakes sometimes, the other eats micro-pellets sometimes. Most days I recover all of what I given them, except if it's bloodworms - both of them would
gorge themselves if I let them.
Comments on Leaving Male Bettas with Fry by Neoblaze550:
In order to make this spawn successful I suggest you have some experience in breeding bettas and taking care of betta fry ( this is not for
beginners or people interested in having large spawns) first I introduced the male in his aquarium that is filled with alot of floating plants (water lettuce and water sprite) I also included a
bundle of anacrus held down by a sinker and a small cave that the female betta and the fry can use when they are older. after the male was used to his surroundings I picked out one of my female bettas that looked
extra plump and placed her inside a floating see through cup in the breeding tank. When the male saw the female he started to build a huge bubble nest under the floating water lettuce. I left the female in the cup for a couple of days
until I noticed that she was ready to spawn, I waited about 4-5 hrs and the nest was already full or
eggs (if you don't see eggs right away don't panic it can sometimes take 2 days) I took out the female and waited.
Surprisingly the eggs started hatching later that night and the dad was already showing good parental skills by not
eating them and and he was retrieving the small fee falling fry and returning them to the nest ( If you notice him eating some
don't worry he is just culling the weak ones). It's been about 5 weeks and the male has culled mast of his spawn but he has spared about 6 that are bigger than the fry that I breed the regular way. People say fry raised this way seem to be less aggressive, they grow faster, and they become better parents when they grow up.
So if you feel lucky I would definitely recommend this method.
The Thai Way (information submitted by a Thailand breeder)
In Thailand most breeders use some kind of plastic or pottery bowls. The small bowls or the tanks do not even have to be very clean. They use anything that they can fill water into. And the warm climate and all the live food like:
mosquito larvae and insects makes it to the ideal place to raise bettas (this goes for many other
countries in the region).
When the Thai breeders going to breed they go for health and vitality. The first they look for is if any male has
started to build an bubblenest in the jar, and if their is any bubblenest, they go after an female how has bright colors. Then they start to feed the pair for 1-2 weeks with rich, high quality foods, so that they are in their best health when the breeding starts. The male can be in the breeding tank up to 5-6 days without food.
The fry usually gets egg yolk as their first food, the breeders feed the fry with the
yolk up to 7 days, twice a day. The fry grow very fast on the egg yolk when it is rich on protein, and even the smallest
fry can get the yolk in their mouth. They feed the fry with baby brine shrimps and
After 1 week, some breeders move the fry to outdoor ponds such as concrete tanks. Some breeders stop to
feeding the fry and leave them to find their own food such us mosquito larvae.
The weakest soon die.
Can you keep female bettas together by LittleHippyGirl:
To put it simply, yes. It is complicated though.
Compatibility with bettas, both male and female, is a hard thing to describe
because their personalities vary wildly. Sometimes a female is so aggressive
that it can not be kept with anything else. That's not usually the case, but it
happens more than some people think. If you want a group of girls to work out,
there are a few things to consider.
Female bettas create a heiarchy. That means you need at least 4 or 5 females
(preferably 5), because if the heiarchy is too small, bullying and aggression
can become a major problem. Next is aquarium size....I'd say for a group of 4-5
female bettas, a 10 gallon aquarium would be a minimum. If you get a bigger
aquarium, you can keep more girls easily. Territory is the last consideration.
Buy all your girls at the same time, or at least put them in their tank at the
same time. That way no one has a head start claim on territory and everything's
fair. They will probably bicker and fight a lot the first 1-3 weeks because they
are figuring out who's more dominant and who's more submissive. Keep lots of
caves, coves and decorations as territory and hiding places.
Female bettas are great fish, and a tank full of them will be fun with their
antics. You can also keep some sort of small peaceful fish without long fins in
the tank if you like.
||24 - 28 C; 75 - 82 F
||6.0 - 8.0
||6 cm; 2.5 inches
||Difficult, Bubble Nest
Lone male betta OR can be combined
with Clown Loach, Corydoras Catfish, larger Gouramis, Mollies, Platies, Red
Tailed Shark, Swordtails, Zebra Danio. Bettas
are very territorial. Males will nip at fins
and chase slow moving fish.
You can put practically any fish in with your
Siamese fighter. I have in my 60L tank a Siamese
Fighter, Glass Catfish, Yucatan Sainfin Molly, 2x
Guppy, Red Honey Gourami, Gold Gourami and two
"Suckers". They all get along fine
except for The guppies and Sailfin Molly.
The only thing to keep away from the Siamese
Figheter are fish with BIG/LONG tails. The Siamese
will, with its history of fighting other males,
try to attack these fish. Regards, hope this
I have had a betta male with a bala shark, a
red ruby shark, angels, corys, algae eaters (
yellow ones) rainbow, african butterfly, molies
tetras and penguins. What is great is to
have a few female bettas and an african butterly
that is a very interesting fish. The bettas follow
the butterfly, when I feed spiders or crickets and
they nib the little pieces that fall out, when the
african eats like 'Jaws" the cricket.
It is like watching a big shark and the fish
attached to it eat the sidedish from the meal.
Just wanted to tell you I added a CrownTail
Betta in my community tank!! Its being now more
than 2 weeks and no problemo. He's with 2 Discus,
an Angel, 4 Rainbows, a Killi, Emperor, Congo plus
some Tetras and everything good!!
The first days he was kind of scared and some
Rainbows tried to "taste" his tail and
the Betta kept his ground. No damage to anyone. He
now swims freely like nothing. He goes out and eat
with the big boys.